Further advice can be obtained by [email protected] or by calling +86-17303712627.

    Citric Acid Anhydrous vs Citric Acid Monohydrate

    Citric Acid Anhydrous vs Citric Acid Monohydrate

    Citric acid is a commonly used chemical which finds application in a wide range of industries including food and beverages sector, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, household and industrial cleaners, and more. It is typically used in two key forms including citric acid anhydrous and citric acid monohydrate. Both these forms have unique properties that make them useful for varied purposes, and here we examine anhydrous vs monohydrate citric acid for more clarity and understanding.

    citric acid anhydrous vs citric acid monohydrate

    Chemical Properties

    The chemical properties of citric acid anhydrous and monohydrate are significantly different from each other which plays a vital role in differing the impact they have in various uses. Anhydrous citric acid contains lesser water molecules as compared to monohydrate citric acid, which contains a one-to-one ratio of water molecules to citric acid molecules. Because in its anhydrous form, citric acid lacks water, the physical properties of this chemical is different from that of the monohydrate form.

    Physical Appearance

    Both anhydrous citric acid and citric acid monohydrate are white crystalline solids, but they differ in water content. Anhydrous citric acid contains no water molecules, while the monohydrate form contains one water molecule per citric acid molecule in the crystal lattice.
    The anhydrous form appears as a free-flowing white crystalline powder, whereas the monohydrate typically takes the form of larger white crystals or granules, rather than a powder. Neither form should have a noticeable odor resembling acetic acid.
    The key difference is the presence or absence of water of crystallization, which affects physical properties like solubility, density, and melting point. However, both are colorless solids consisting solely of citric acid.


    With regards to applications for which they can be used, citric acid monohydrate uses differ from citric acid anhydrous uses because of their chemical structure and availability among other factors. For instance, citric acid monohydrate powder is widely used for applications in the food industry, particularly in the making of syrups, drinks, and even in the pharmaceutical industry for the formulation of dissolvable medications. This is because of its soluble nature.
    In contrast, citric acid anhydrous food grade, because of its insoluble nature, finds excessive application for the making of products like dry food mixes and beverages sold in powder form.

    citric acid monohydrate and anhydrous applications

    Likelihood Of Spoilage

    The uses of anhydrous citric acid and monohydrate citric acid are determined largely by their propensity to spoil or stay stable under diverse conditions. By comparison, citric acid anhydrous is more stable as compared to monohydrate. This is because anhydrous citric acid lacks water molecules. This lack minimizes the chance of the product getting spoiled, thereby being more suitable for products that require a higher shelf life. On the other hand, monohydrate citric acid, because of its water content, is prone to getting spoiled quickly.

    Compliance Regulations

    The use of both these forms of citric acid is regulated by a number of compliance and regulatory authorities working for different industries. Citric acid anhydrous uses in food as well as citric acid monohydrate e330 and citric acid anhydrous e330 which are food grade forms of the citric acid is regulated by food standards authorities in the US and Europe. Similarly, anhydrous citric acid antacid is formulated according to the unique regulatory outlines which need to be followed by pharmaceutical manufacturers.


    In terms of the price of either form of citric acid as well as how commonly they are available, a number of factors come into play for determining this. For example, one of the most significant factors is the method through which the monohydrate citric acid and anhydrous citric acid is being produced. Another key factor is how much of a demand there is in the market and how much supply is available with the manufacturer. Another essential factor is the location of the supplier and that of the customer. However, in general terms, anhydrous citric acid tends to be more easily available and at better costs than its monohydrate counterpart.


    Both monohydrate and anhydrous citric acids are unique in their own way. They are both useful for a variety of applications including food and non-food categories. It is essential for product manufacturers to assess their needs and find a reliable supplier like Mondstar to get our supply of citric acid.

    Related Posts:
    1. Is Citric Acid Bad for You?
    2. What does carboxymethyl cellulose use in food?

    Let's start additives collaboration now.

    Prompt response, [email protected], call +8617303712627.
    Scroll to Top